Historical Places

KYRENIAgirne yat limani

The Girne Harbor
Today the Girne Harbor counts as one of the most remarkable and most visited place in the whole island. Relaxing atmosphere and numerous cafes and restaurants makes it more attractive and leaves big impressions on the tourists who visit it.

The Girne Castlegirne kalesi
The Girne Castle lived through almost all main historical periods of Cyprus starting with Romans till nowadays. It was restored during the reign of Guy De Lusignan (1191), after what the Venetians extended it, and today it’s an impressive monument of the architectural heritage of Northern Cyprus.

The Shipwreck Museum
batik gemi muzesiThe sunken ship was found in 1965 by a local diver. The investigations had shown that it was built in 389 BC during the reign of Alexander the Great and sank around 2300 years ago. In 1975 the Shipwreck Museum was opened inside the Girne Castle.

The Bellapais Abbey
bellapais manatiriThe monastery was built in XIIth century during the Lusignan period and is an amazing architecture performed in a Gothic style. After occupation by French brotherhood it became to be known as an ”Abbaye de la Paix”, which means the Peace Monastery. On the territory of Bellapais Abbey there are located a church, a chamber, a refectory, storage rooms, remains of frescoes and many interesting to observe inside. Nowadays it is beloved place of most tourists; every year the Bellapais Music Festival is organized.

The Kantara Castlekantara
The Kantara Castle was built by the Byzantines in Xth century and served as an observation post, being at 630 meters above the sea. It is located on the Kyrenia Mountains range (Beşparmak) together with St. Hilarion and Buffavento. The first time the name of the castle was mentioned in 1191, when Richard the Lionheart was capturing the Cyprus.

St. Hilarion Castle
This castle was named in honor of monk – hermit from Palestine. St. Hilarion Castle was constructed by the Byzantines in the 8th century for the protection from Arab raids. In the 13th century, during the Lusignan times, the castle served as a military base and a residence; a lot of various additions have been done to it. According to one of the legends, Richard the Lionheart spent a honeymoon here. In the end of XVth century the Venetians had damaged the castle. Today the St. Hilarion Castle is the most popular sight of Northern Cyprus.

Buffavento Castle
The castle has been started to build in the XIth century by the Byzantines and only after 300 years had finished by Lusignans. The Kantara Castle and St. Hilarion Castle can be observed from 950 meters above the sea. In XIV century the Buffavento Castle functioned as a prison.r.

FAMAGUSTA

St. Nicholas Cathedral (The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque) and Monumental Treelala mustafa pasa
St. Nicholas Cathedral is one of the most impressive and the most important sights of the city Famagusta, built in 1298 - 1400 years. This is one of the best examples of Gothic architecture. It was originally built as a Christian cathedral, but during the Ottoman Empire has been transformed into a mosque under the name Lala Mustafa Pasha.

In front of the entrance grows a fig-mulberry tree, which is the oldest tree in Cyprus. It’s supposed that the tree is around 700 hundred years old.

The Othello Castleothello kalesi
It was built in XIV century by Lusignans for the protection from the enemies and was used as a main entrance to Famagusta city. In XV century Venetians remodeled and strengthened the castle, and built the main town walls. By its name, "Othello's Tower", the citadel owes to Shakespeare's play "Othello", where "a port in Cyprus" and "Cyprus, the Citadel" has been mentioned.

The Ancient City of Salamis

salamis harabeleriSalamis had been the capital of Cyprus as far back as 1100 BC. During the history the city lived through reign of numerous states such as Persian Empire, Alexander the Great, Roman Times (most of the ruins date to the Roman period) and suffered from severe earthquake. Gymnasium, theatre and the sudatorium are the remains of ancient city; never the less the sculptures made of marble still decorate the streets and the building of that great city.

St. Barnabas Monastery
This monastery was built in Vth century and named in honor of Apostle Barnabas, one of the founders of Greek Orthodox Church. In VIIIth century the church and the monastery were captured and ruined by Arabs. The monastery was constructed almost from the beginning in 1756, but still some of the original elements can be found. Nowadays it operates as Icon and Archaeological Museum.

NICOSIA

The Cathedral of St. Catherine (The Haydar Pasha Mosque)st catherine

The Cathedral of St. Catherine (The Haydar Pasha Mosque)
The Cathedral of St. Catherine was built in XIV century and today is one of the best examples of gothic architecture located in Cyprus. During the Ottoman conquest of Nicosia it had been renamed to The Haydar Pasha Mosque in 1570; nowadays it is an art gallery.

The Great Khan
buyuk hanThe Great Khan was one of the most important buildings in Lefkoşa during the Ottoman Period (XVI century). During the British period it was used as a Nicosia Central Prison. Nowadays the Great Khan has been restored and became a unique place to explore traditional Cyprus culture and cuisine.

The Semiliye Mosque (St. Sofia’s Cathedral)
selimiye camiiThe Cathedral of St. Sophia is the oldest architecture in Cyprus, made in gothic style, which has been started to build in 1206. It became the primary cathedral of Cyprus, where the Lusignan Kings had been crowned. In 1571, during the Ottoman conquest of Cyprus the cathedral has been renamed to Selimiye Mosque.